The origin of the marine kingdom can be traced back to the book of Genesis, book of the beginning. In the encounter of Moses, author of Genesis; he was honoured with the privilege of seeing the backside of God, this apparently may explain why Moses alone had access to the revelation of the things in eternity past. This book of the Bible contains records of creation, with lots of silent truth that will require the help of the Holy Ghost to unravel.
This book is full of mysteries that contain insight into the origin of every beginning. The general concept among Christians regarding the first chapter of Genesis is that the very first verse is a kind of general introduction or premise and that the works which are done in the six days to follow explain it. In other words, they take the statement “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth” as the subject of Chapter 1. The writer of Genesis outlines what he intends to say in the first sentence and then proceeds to explain it in detail, so they speculate.
Having mentioned when God created the heavens and the earth, he then continued by telling what condition the earth was in and how God day after day created light, air, earth, plants, animals, and every other element of creation. Such is the popular view as to how the first chapter of Genesis narrated the creation story, how the universe was created out of nothing. Yet those who carefully study the first chapter of the sacred book deem this interpretation to be erroneous.
Controversies has have risen between the church and the world. Many young people are in doubt of the accuracy of the scriptures when they learn of such ‘discrepancy’ in the face of particular geological evidence. In the original Hebrew, this initial verse of the first chapter of Genesis contains seven words which carry within themselves a sense of independence. These divinely revealed words do not say that in the beginning God ‘formed’ or ‘made’ the world out of certain raw materials. No, the heavens and the earth were created. This word ‘created’ is bara in the original.
Such that in the beginning God bara the heavens and the earth. This word bara is used three more times in Genesis 1 and 2: (1st) “And God created [bara] the great sea monsters and every living creature that moveth, wherewith the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind.” (1.21); (2nd) “And God created [bara] man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.” (1.27); and (3rd) “And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it; because that in it He rested from all his work which God had created [bara] and made.” (2.3).
To ‘create’ is to “Call the things that are not, as though they were.” (Rom. 4.17). These sea-monsters and living things not only had physical bodies but also had an animated life within them. They, therefore, required a direct creative act of God. Thus, it is only logical that the Scriptures should use the word ‘created’ rather than the word ‘made’ in these passages. In a similar manner, though man’s body was formed out of the dust of the ground, his soul and spirit could not be made out of any physical material, and hence the Bible declared that “God created man in his own image.”
- In the first two chapters of Genesis three different words are used for the act of creation: ‘Bara’—calling into being without the aid of pre-existing material. This we have already touched upon;
- ‘Asah’—which is quite different from ‘bara’, since the latter denotes the idea of creating without any material whereas ‘asah’ signifies the making, fashioning, or preparing out of existing material. For instance, a carpenter can make a chair, but he cannot create one. The works of the Six Days in Genesis are mainly of the order of ‘asah’;
- ‘Yatsar’—which means to shape or mould as a potter does with clay. This word is used in Genesis 2.7 as follows: “And Jehovah God formed man of the dust of the ground.”
Interestingly, Isaiah 43:7 illustrates the meaning and connection of all three of these words. “Every one that is called by my name, and whom I have created for my glory, whom I have formed, yea, whom I have made.” ‘Created’ signifies a calling into being out of nothing; ‘formed’ denotes a fashioning into appointed form; and ‘made’ means a preparing out of pre-existing material. “In the beginning” reinforces the thought of God creating the heavens and the earth out of nothing. There is really no need to theorize; since God has spoken, let men simply believe. It is absurd for the human mind to try to search out the works of God which He performed at the beginning by his own strength. “By faith, we understand that the worlds have been framed by the word of God.” (Heb. 11:3).
Who can answer God’s question to Job concerning creation (see Job 38)? “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” This heaven is not the firmament immediately surrounding the earth; rather, it points to the heaven where the stars are. It has not undergone any change since it was created but the earth is no longer the same. To understand the first chapter of Genesis, it is of utmost importance that we distinguish the ‘earth’ mentioned in verse 1 from the ‘earth’ spoken of in verse 2. For the condition of the earth referred to in verse 2 is not what God had created originally. Now we know that “God is not an author of confusion.” (1 Cor. 14:33).
Hence when it states that in the beginning, God created the earth, what He created was perfect. The waste and void of the earth spoken of in verse 2 was not the original condition of the earth when God created it. Would God ever create an earth whose primeval condition would be waste and void? A true understanding of this verse will solve the apparent problem. “Thus saith Jehovah that created the heavens, the God that formed the earth and made it, that established it and created it not a waste, that formed it to be inhabited: I am Jehovah, and there is none else.” (Isa. 45:18). Oh! How clear God’s word is. The word ‘waste’ here is ‘tohu’ in Hebrew, which signifies ‘desolation’ or ‘that which is desolate’.
It says here that the earth which God created was not a WASTE. Why then does Genesis 1:2 state that “The earth was waste”? This would be easily resolved. In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth (Gen. 1:1). At that time, the earth which God had created was not a waste, having passed through a great catastrophe, the earth did become waste and void. The desolation of the first earth the bible spoke about in verse 1, was as a result of the rebellious agenda of Lucifer.
Lucifer and other angels in the first heaven and earth created attempted to dethrone God. The almighty God had to engage the Archangel Michael to frustrate this rebellion agenda of Lucifer and other co-angels (Reve 12:7). In response to what Lucifer did, God was forced to make the first earth desolate. I would not want to go into details now; chapter four of the book carries a concise explanation of this divine drama. Note that all that was mentioned from verse 3 onward does not refer to the original creation but to the restoration of the earth.
God created the heavens and the earth in the beginning; but He subsequently used the Six days to remake the earth habitable. Genesis 1:1 was the original world; Genesis 1:3 onward is our present world; while Genesis 1:2 describes the desolate condition, which was the earth during the transitional period following its original creation and before our present world. Such interpretation cannot only be arrived at on the basis of Isaiah 45:18 alone, it can also be supported on the basis of other pieces of evidence. The conjunctive word ‘and’ in verse 2 can also be translated as ‘but’.
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth, but the earth was waste and void.” “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Gen. 1:1) and “in six days Jehovah made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is.” (Ex. 20:11). Comparing these two verses, we can readily see that the world in Genesis 1:1 was quite different from the world that came after Genesis 1:3. In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. In the days, God made the heaven, earth and sea.
Who can measure the distance that exists between ‘created’ and ‘made’? One is a calling into being, things out of nothing. The other is a working-on something already existing. Man can make but cannot create; God can create and also has the ability to make. Hence Genesis records that in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth, but later on the earth had become waste and void due to a tremendous catastrophe, after which God commenced to remake the heaven, earth and sea and all the creatures in them.
2 Peter 3:5-7 expresses the same thought as well: the heavens and the earth in verse 5 are the original heavens and earth referred to in Genesis 1:1; the earth mentioned in verse 6 that was flooded with water and perished is the earth covered with water which became waste and void as mentioned in Genesis 1:2, and the heavens and the earth that are now spoken of in verse 7 are the restored heavens and earth after Genesis 1:3. The works of God during the six days are quite different from His creative work done in the beginning. The more we study Genesis 1, the more we are convinced that the above is the true interpretation.
On the first day, God commanded the light to shine forth. Before this first day, the earth had already been existing but it was buried in water (Marine kingdom), dwelt in darkness, and was laid waste and void. On the first day, God did not create light; He instead commanded the light to shine out of darkness. The light was already there. Neither did God create heaven on the second day. The heaven here is not the starry heaven but the atmospheric heaven, that which surrounds the earth. Where then did all these come from if they were not created during the Six Days?
The one answer is that they were created at the time of the first verse of Genesis 1. So that subsequently, there was no need to create but simply to remake. “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” Note that there is no detailed description here. We, therefore, do not know whether the original heaven and earth were created instantaneously or through many ages. Was it done in thousands of years or in millions of years? In what shape? And how large? We only know that God created the heavens and the earth in the beginning. Neither do we know how many years elapsed between the time of the first verse and that of the second verse of Genesis 1.
We do not know when God created the heavens and the earth neither do we know how long it took, after the original creation was desolated as described in verse 2. But we do believe that the original, perfect creation must have passed through many years before it became waste and void. Such a long period would be enough to cover the so-called ‘pre-historic’ age. All the years which geology demands and all the so-called geologic periods which is distributed among those years can fall into this time frame. We do not know how long the earth underwent change neither do we know how many changes there were before it became waste and void, because the Scriptures do not tell us these things.
Yet we can affirm that the Bible never states that the age of the earth is but six thousand years in length. It merely shows that the history of man is approximately six thousand years old. By understanding the first two verses of Scripture, we can recognize that there is no contradiction in the Bible. Oh! how marvelous is the word of God.
The Silent Verses of Genesis
We have already seen how in the beginning God created a perfect heaven and earth. Later on—we do not know how long afterward—the original beautiful earth became waste and void. However, God rose up and remade the world in six days, he restored this desolate world. Here we would inquire as to why this original world was turned into waste.
Why did God allow the work of His hands to be destroyed? For what reason did such a terrifying catastrophe fall upon the beautiful earth? The subject we will examine is not explicitly stated in the Scriptures, but it is found implicitly in many passages. By these intimations of light, we may understand a little more concerning the original world and the cause of its desolation. Only the word of God can guide our thoughts. As a matter of fact, the understanding of His word will edify us with regard to whatever subject we may take up. The highest form of vanity is to rely on man’s mental strength instead of holding on to the word of God. As we look into Genesis chapter 3 (and even though Satan is not named there), we are persuaded that the serpent mentioned was indeed an instrument of Satan, it was probably Satan himself in disguise. For it is said in Revelation 12:9 that “The great dragon was cast down, the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world.”
Since Genesis 1 does not record the creation of Satan, it can be asked that: Where did he come from? Furthermore, Spirits are mentioned throughout the scriptures, whether evil spirits or angels. Although we do not learn of the creation of angels, we see them across the scriptures. Where did they come from? These questions are legitimately related to our problem. Inasmuch as nothing was mentioned during the work of the Six Days in Genesis about the creation of angels or other supernatural beings, we must assume that they could not have been created at that time. If they were not created during the Six Days’ period, when were they created? The only possible answer is that they were the creatures of the former original world. By reading Jeremiah 4.23-26, we understand the earth became waste and void: “broken down at the presence of Jehovah, and before his fierce anger” (v.26).
Why was the Lord angry? Most likely, it was due to the sin of the creatures at that time. Isaiah 24:1 sheds further light: “Behold, Jehovah maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste.” What made Him willing to destroy the earth which He had originally created? By looking at the history of our own world, we may deduce that it was also because of the sin of those creatures that inhabited the original earth. Accordingly, God could not but judge them.
The Origin of Lucifer (Ezekiel 28)
Although in studying Genesis, we do not learn the origin of Satan. Nevertheless, as we probe into the cause for the desolation of the earth in the beginning, we can conclude that this is because of the enemy. Apart from Satan there can be found no other reason in the Bible to account for this catastrophe. Let us examine another passage in the Scriptures that seems to tell us the origin of this adversary whom we shall discover to be the cause for the desolation of the original world.
In Ezekiel 28:1-19, these nineteen verses can be divided into two parts: the first from verses 1 to 10 is the prophet’s warning to the Prince of Tyre; the second part from verses 11 to 19 is the prophet’s lamentation for the King of Tyre. The first part regarding the Prince of Tyre is easily understood. He was proud and arrogant, he considered himself to be a god and wiser than Daniel. His heart was lifted up because of the riches he gained by spiritual trafficking.
Therefore God punished him and destroyed him by the hands of the terror of the nations. For not long after this prophecy was spoken, Nebuchadnezzar, King of the Chaldeans, came and destroyed Tyre. The Jewish historian Josephus thought this prince of Tyre was Ittobalus, whereas in Phoenician history he was called Ittobaal II. We, Today, know that this prophecy has already been fulfilled. Hence we encounter no difficulty in explaining verses 1 to 10. But as we read on from verse 11, we find many places hard to understand. This is closely related to what we are examining, we will quote this second part in full:
Moreover, the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying, Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. Thou wast in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was in thee; in the day that thou wast created they were prepared. Thou wast the anointed cherub that covereth: and I set thee so that thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till unrighteousness was found in thee. By the abundance of thy traffic, they filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore have I cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God; and I have destroyed thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. Thy heart was lifted up because of thy beauty; thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I have cast thee to the ground; I have laid thee before kings, that they may behold thee. By the multitude of thine iniquities, in the unrighteousness of thy traffic, thou hast profaned thy sanctuaries; therefore have I brought forth a fire from the midst of thee; it hath devoured thee, and I have turned thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee. All they that know thee among the peoples shall be astonished at thee: thou art become a terror, and thou shalt nevermore have any being. (28:11-19).
This lengthy passage is truly difficult to understand because there are many words here which cannot be applied to human beings. If the King of Tyre was a mortal man, how can we explain the things mentioned from verses 11 to 15? When was the King of Tyre ever in the Garden of Eden, in the holy mountain of God? How could he in the least be the cherub who covered the ark? Nothing mentioned here was ever the experience of the King of Tyre.
Yet neither can we spiritualize everything whenever we encounter difficulty in understanding the scriptures. I consider the first part (verses 1-10) which is addressed to the Prince of Tyre as being applicable to Ittobalus but that the second part (verses 11-19)—which is a lamentation against the King of Tyre—points to the future Antichrist. Verse 2 mentions Tyre as being in the midst of the sea. In reading Daniel 11.41-45 we know that when the future Antichrist will be in Palestine he will most probably stay in Tyre.
Hence he is called the King of Tyre. Actually the Antichrist is but Satan incarnated, this is why many of the things here have reference to Satan himself. If we study the Bible carefully, we will see that it is not against the normal teaching of God’s word to relate Satan and the Antichrist together. We know that regardless of the fact people have their own will, their decisions in life are either influenced by the workings of God in them (Phil. 2.13) or by workings of evil spirits (Eph. 2:2).
Man does not have complete liberty in himself. Ordinarily, the people of the world are under the influence of evil spirits. Sometimes, where weighty matters are concerned Satan himself may step in and work. We saw how he came personally to tempt Christ in the wilderness, how he tried to use Peter to dissuade Christ from the cross; and finally, how he entered Judas’ heart in order to destroy Christ. In the last days he will join with the Antichrist in the arena of the world. Hence the Bible states this: “Even he [the lawless one], whose coming is according to the working of Satan.” (2Thess. 2:9). For Satan shall give him “his power, and his throne, and great authority” (Rev. 13:2).
In view of the fact that Antichrist is Satan incarnated, the Holy Spirit speaks of them as one. So that in these verses all the supernatural things have reference to Satan himself while the rest speaks of the Antichrist. Now our purpose here is not to engage in research on the Antichrist but to know the creatures of the original world and to discover the reason for its desolation. Consequently, we shall set aside the places where Antichrist is referred to and focus our attention on those things involving Satan.
“How art thou fallen from heaven, O day-star, son of the morning!” (Is. 14:12). Before the archangel’s fall, he was called the Day-Star, the Son of the Morning. After his rebellion, he was called Satan—which means the adversary. “Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.” (Ez. 28:12). This was the archangel’s condition prior to his sin. He was higher than all the other angels. These terms—“the sum . . . full . . . perfect”—indicates that he was the greatest among the original creatures.
God placed him above all others. Moreover, he was full of wisdom, indicative of his understanding of God’s will; probably he had at that time the office of a prophet. “Thou wast in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering.” (v.13a). In Genesis 3 we see the presence of Satan. He was there not having every precious stone as his covering but rather he was there as a tempter to tempt Adam and Eve. These two Edens do not co-exist, at the time of Adam’s Eden, Satan had already fallen, but in the Eden mentioned here, Satan had not fallen yet.
This implies that this Garden of Eden must have existed before Adam’s Eden. This tells us that it must have belonged to the former world, and not to the present world. We can relate this to the New Jerusalem in the future, having many precious stones such as the sardis, jasper, and so on. The Eden which Adam habitated, although different; the Bible draws attention only to the trees in it, nothing was said of its bejeweled covering. Hence the Eden here must be different from Adam’s Eden. The precious stones, which the archangel was clothed with, remind us of the precious stones which Aaron the priest had on him (see Ex. 28).
This paints a picture that God had probably established him as a priest. “The workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was in thee” (v. 13b). In the Bible, we see that musical instruments were used by kings. For example, how David played the harp before King Saul, how, in reference to another king, his “pomp is brought down to Sheol, and the noise of [his] viols” when the King of Babylon was destroyed (Is. 14.11), and how the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of music was sounded when the King of Babylon was elated (see Dan. 3).
It is evident that the archangel at that time was made king and therefore he was given all these musical instruments by God. “Thou wast the anointed cherub that covereth” (v.14a). ‘Anointed’ means he was being set apart. The work of a ‘Cherub’ or ‘Living creature’ (Eze. 10.15) is to lead in worshiping the Lord (see Rev (4:9,10; 5.11-14). So that Lucifer’s work at the beginning was to lead the creatures of that day in the worship of God. This also implies that he was functioning in the office of a priest. “And I set thee, so that thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire” (v.14b).
The mountain of God most probably is the place where the glory of God is manifested. Since he is God’s priest, Lucifer would naturally stand before God and serve Him. What is the meaning of “walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire”? According to Ezekiel 1:26, the place of the cherubim or ‘living creatures’ is just beneath the throne of God (see Eze 1:19).
When Moses and seventy of the elders of Israel were called to Mount Sinai, the bible says that “they saw the God of Israel; and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and as it were the very heaven for clearness . . . And the appearance of the glory of Jehovah was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel” (Ex. 24.10, 17). So this paved work of sapphire stone which looked like devouring fire is ‘the stones of fire’ spoken of here in Ezekiel 28:14b. It shows us that Lucifer dwelled in the habitation of the Most High where he was very close to God. “Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.” (v.15).
Whatever God creates is perfect, because He is not the father of sin, iniquity began with Lucifer. He was created by God and was given a free will, just as God has given man free will. It is sad that this created angel misused this freedom. So many people today have abused their freedom even as Satan of old did. “By the abundance of thy traffic they filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned.” (v.16a).
We may apply this word to the Antichrist since in the last days we know that commerce will greatly increase (see Rev. 18). Due to the increase in trade, many sins will follow. This is easily proven by observing human history. However, this word may also be applied to Satan. We know the word ‘devil’ in the original means ‘slanderer’, ‘calumniator’ or ‘malignant accuser’. The bible tells us the tale of how Satan accused Job and attacked him without mercy. At the end of this age we shall hear these words: “Now is come the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, who accuseth them before our God day and night” (Rev. 12:10).
The phrase ‘cast down’ here corresponds to that of the ‘cast out’ in Ezekiel 28, and the reason for this casting-out is likewise the same. Probably in Ezekiel God is seen as condemning Satan’s sin, whereas in the Revelation passage He is observed as sending Michael to execute the judgment against Satan. Why does God allow Satan to remain in the air today? Possibly because (1) God’s time is not yet come, and/or (2) there is still much rubbish in God’s children which needs to be purified by means of this fiery furnace.
Verse 17 states explicitly the cause of Satan’s fall: “Thy heart was lifted up because of thy beauty; thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness.” The description given of the King of Babylon in Isaiah 14.12-14 is quite similar to what is described here with respect to Satan. Hence many of God’s servants believe that what the Holy Spirit has said applied not only to the King of Babylon but in a deeper sense also applied to the one behind the King of Babylon, even Satan. It tells of the cause of Satan’s fall. I believe Ezekiel reveals the cause of Satan’s pride whereas Isaiah discloses how proud he was.
It might be that, in his thoughts as he compared himself to the other created beings of God, pride arose in his heart. Later on, he even thought of himself as being equal with God thus he incurred God’s judgment: “How art thou fallen from heaven, O day-star, son of the morning! . . . And thou saidst in thy heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; and I will sit upon the mount of the congregation, in the uttermost part of the north; I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High” (Is. 14:12-14).
Because of his pride, he was punished by God. He was stripped of his position in heaven (Since the prophecy which follows has nothing to do with our present investigation, we will end our deliberation from Ezekiel at this point).
The Transition of Lucifer to Satan
Now if our interpretation is correct, we can readily see from this prophetic passage of Ezekiel, how God created the most beautiful and intelligent archangel (Lucifer) whom He established as a leader of the former creation. God placed him in the Garden of Eden, a garden far more ancient and superior to that Eden of Adam’s time. It could have been a mirror of what the future New Jerusalem would be like.
In Eden the archangel was to function as a prophet, using his wisdom to instruct all who inhabited the former world on how to serve God. He was also the priest of God to lead them to worship and praise the Lord. Amongst the created beings of that day he was to serve as king, for his position was higher than all the rest of creation. He might have remained in this blessed state for quite a long while (please re-read verse 15); yet he sinned, and henceforth he became God’s greatest enemy, the ‘Fallen Angels and Demons’. We have now seen the origin of Satan. What about the angels under him and the demons? How did their fall affect the earth and help to turn it into waste and void? From the New Testament we can trace two orders of Satan’s subjects: (1) the angels, (2) the demons. Let us look at the angels first. “Depart from me, ye cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels” (Matt. 25:41).
“And his [the dragon’s] tail draweth the third part of the stars of heaven” (Rev. 12:4). The ‘stars’ here refer to the angels (Rev. 1:20). The passage continued with these words: “And the great dragon was cast down, the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world; he was cast down to the earth, and his angels were cast down with him” (v.9).
These angels must have been those spirits whom God had set in the beginning to assist the archangel to rule the world. They are ‘the gods’ in Psalm 82:1 (John 10:35). Now at the fall of Lucifer, they probably conspired with him—at least they were in sympathy with him. And so they fell into sin with Satan and have now become the principalities, the powers, the world rulers of this darkness, and the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenlies (Eph. 6.12). These angels are not disembodied demons; they have an ethereal body, for the Lord reveals to us that in resurrection believers will be as angels in heaven. Satan has another order of subjects; these are the evil spirits or demons. “When the evening came, they brought unto him [Christ] many possessed with demons: and he cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all that were sick” (Matt. 8:16).
Here the Holy Spirit uses these two words ‘demons’ and ‘spirits’ synonymously. Likewise in Luke 10:17-20: “And the seventy returned with joy, saying, Lord, even the demons are subject to us in thy name;” and the Lord answered: “Nevertheless in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.” Here the Lord Jesus considers ‘demons’ and ‘spirits’ to be the same.
Again, Matthew 17:18 records how the Lord casted ‘a demon’ out of a boy. Concerning the same incident, Mark refers to the demon as ‘the unclean spirit’, a ‘dumb and deaf spirit’ (9:25). These demons or spirits probably were a pre-Adamic race who inhabited the former world. They either assisted Satan in the great rebellion or they followed him afterwards. And thus they were destroyed by God by their being disembodied. These beings have consequently become disembodied spirits. Though there is no literal evidence in the Scriptures, we can still find some hints in the Bible.
For instance, in Matthew 12- there was a situation of such a spirit after it had left a human body: it “passeth through waterless places, seeking rest, and findeth it not” (12:43). It became helpless and, wandering far outside the human body, it could find no rest. Finally, it was compelled to reenter the original place—the human body. If these beings are not in fact disembodied spirits, why must they enter a human body?
Furthermore, in Luke 8 we read how unwilling the demon called Legion was to leave the human body. When they (the Legions) were pressed, they preferred to enter the bodies of the swine. These demons are different from Satan and his fallen angels because the latter have no desire to enter human bodies since they still retain their own ethereal bodies. Demons on the other hand, are different. Both their character and desire seem to prove that they are indeed disembodied spirits. If that is true, we can ask that when were they disembodied? We know that the spirits of the dead today are either in Paradise or in Hades. Where then do these spirits come from? They must have proceeded from the former world. Their dwelling must have been the world which Satan formerly governed.
The fact that there were inhabitants in the former world can be deduced from another passage in the Scriptures. We have already pointed out from Isaiah 45:18 that the world—that is, the former world— was not created a waste but was formed to be inhabited. This implies that there were inhabitants in the former earth. As we further study the Bible, we discover more information regarding this matter. There is a place of detention for evil spirits. The spirits called Legions, who were among the Gerasene demoniacs knew about this place.
This was why they were so terrified as to entreat the Lord “not [to] command them to depart into the abyss” (Luke 8.31). Regarding the abyss, this term is evidently applied to a fiery hollow in the centre of the earth: but it is also used for the depths of the sea, a meaning which accords well with its derivation.∗ The book of Revelation tells us that a day will come when Satan would be casted into this abyss (20:3). Evidently some of the demons are now imprisoned there, but some of them are still free, waiting for the appropriate time when they will be shut in there too. This abyss is most likely in the sea, not in the center of the earth.
And at the time of the final judgment (see Rev. 20:11-15), all the prisoners will be cast into the lake of fire, and in the New Heaven and the New Earth there will be no more sea (Rev. 2:1). Probably there is only one abyss, it is scattered in two places—at the center of the earth and the other in the depth of the sea. We have a clear allusion in the Scriptures regarding this detention center of demons. According to the Greek Septuagint of the Old Testament, the word ‘deep’ in Genesis 1:2 is the same as the word ‘abyss’ here in the Greek New Testament.
We have already mentioned how these demons were probably the pre-Adamic race who inhabited the former world. In reading Genesis 1:2 it is reasonable to us that those who originally inhabited the earth had their bodies destroyed by God because of their sins, and the place in which they dwelt was also judged by God by beings turned into waste and void so that the whole earth was covered with water and became a deep sea. How natural it would be for the spirits of those former inhabitants to be shut into the depth of this sea!
Later on, when God restored the earth on the third day, He commanded the land to appear out of the waters, and called the gathering together of the waters the Seas. This dry land, the earth, was ready for men of the new world. Where then did these demons go? Naturally our answer would be, these demons were left with the sea. When we read Revelation 20:13 (“And the sea gave up the dead that were in it; and Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them”) we understand now that Death and Hades will give up their dead, but we are often puzzled at how the sea will give up the dead in it.
The common interpretation is that the sea will yield up the bodies of all who were drowned. Yet if that is true, the earth must also yield up its dead since more bodies will have been buried in the earth than in the waters of the sea. The earth, however, will not give up the dead. Consequently, what the sea will yield up cannot be the bodies of the dead people but the spirits already shut within it. Human souls are kept in death and Hades. The Bible never suggests that human souls are kept in the sea.
Thus who can be the dead given up by the sea except those who belonged to the former world? The order here is quite revealing: “And the sea gave up the dead that were in it; and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them.” Those inhabitants of the former world died first; therefore they shall be delivered up first. People of our present world will follow next since all shall be judged in order of time. We have briefly touched on the origin of Satan, his angels, and these demons.
to how the pre-Adamic race lived on the former earth, this seems to be beyond
our knowledge. Yet we can obtain some understanding through a few intimations
in the Scriptures. Many Bible scholars believe that Jeremiah 2:3-26 refers to
the conditions of the waste and void cited in Genesis 1:2. Although what
precedes and what follows after speaking of the desolations of Judah, these
verses appear to take on a broader cast in that it seems that God showed His
prophet the desolations of the original earth. If our interpretation is
correct, then we know from this passage that there were ‘fruitful fields’ and ‘cities’
(v.26) in the former world. The early settlers dwelt in cities and cultivated
the fields. The fierce anger of the Lord came upon them and upon the entire
earth because of their rebellion with Satan. And thus the earth became waste